Indexer is a free synoptic index of all the Greek examples cited in the main grammatical reference works in English, namely Goodwin’s Greek Grammar, Goodwin’s Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Smyth’s Greek Grammar, and Denniston’s Greek Particles.  

This is a program for the Windows environment (sorry, no Mac version - yet), and it should run on all versions of the operating system (Windows 2000 and later, including Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 10). The program was begun in August 2008, in Turbo Delphi on a machine running Windows XP, and finished in January 2011, in Delphi 2010 under Windows 7. The latest anti-virus and anti-spyware software has been relied upon to guarantee a malware-free product.

In creating this program I have tried to ensure that:

Authors Represented

My selection of authors is admittedly a subjective one, though hopefully in line with the requirements of those for whom the program is intended. To have included a more exhaustive list would have been to defeat the main object, which has been to provide a manageable and useful reference facility for the authors more commonly read in schools and universities. Even within my selection certain conscious omissions will be noted, such as the letters of Isocrates and the fragments of the tragedians. In many of these cases the number of Greek citations in the grammatical works is either non-existent, or so few as to make their inclusion unfeasible. Otherwise, all the major authors and genres have been included:











Isocrates (speeches)







Grammatical Works Consulted

W.W. Goodwin. 1894, reprinted 1972. A Greek Grammar. Basingstoke and London: Macmillan.

W.W. Goodwin. 1889, reissued 1965. Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb. St Martin's Press, New York: Macmillan.

H.W. Smyth. 1920, revised 1956 by G.M. Messing. Greek Grammar. Harvard University Press.

J.D. Denniston. 1934, revised 1950 by K.J. Dover. The Greek Particles: Second Edition. Bristol Classical Press: Gerald Duckworth & Co Ltd.

Scope and Content

Indexer contains a total of 30,404 citations, spread over the above 17 authors and 4 grammatical works (1,440 from Goodwin's Greek Grammar, 5,696 from Goodwin's Moods and Tenses, 6,006 from Smyth's Greek Grammar, and 17,262 from Denniston's Greek Particles.)

Downloading and Installing Indexer

  1. Click here to download [1.4 Mb]. When prompted whether to open or save the file, click ‘Save’ and select a suitable location.
  2. Extract the program file Indexer.exe to a folder of your choice.
  3. Use Windows Explorer to locate Indexer.exe, right-click it and 'Send To' the Desktop as a shortcut. The program is now ready to run.


Tools ~ Indexer

Latest program build: 24 January 2021

Guiding Principles

The indexes for Goodwin's Grammar and Smyth's Grammar are completely new, and were compiled from a close scrutiny of the full texts of these two works. The indexes for Goodwin's Moods and Tenses and Denniston's Particles were taken from the existing book indexes.

All parts of the grammatical works have been included, not only those dealing with syntax. The references in Goodwin's Moods and Tenses include all examples quoted or cited in the Appendix, also those in the footnotes on pp. 92, 115, 152, 172 and 290, and the two dozen additional examples (from 1910) appended to the book index.

All references to Thucydides and Herodotus are now given by book, chapter and section number. This is a welcome improvement on the existing scheme in all the works (except for Denniston’s Particles), which quote only by book and chapter, thereby making it time-consuming to track down a citation.

A total of 30 material errors / misprints have been identified in Goodwin and Smyth (4 in Goodwin’s Grammar, 2 in his Moods and Tenses, and 24 in Smyth.) Most of these errors have been corrected in Indexer, asterisks being used to signify where they occur. Visit the Indexer Corrigenda page for a full conspectus.

GG: Goodwin’s Greek Grammar

MT: Goodwin’s Moods and Tenses

SM: Smyth’s Greek Grammar

DD: Denniston’s Greek Particles

Features of the Indexer Program

Additional Notes